Cleaning, hydration and protection: the secret to healthy skin

“Under our best dress is the most important, the most expensive, the most durable and that requires more care. In addition, the most outdated: our skin ”, with these words began to raise awareness about the importance of the care of the largest organ in the body to the audience in space Talk about CuídatePlus, the largest event of prevention and health education at all stages of life, Aurora Guerra, head of the Dermatology Section of the Hospital 12 de Octubre, in Madrid.

The expert said that the skin requires a series of care that is not always identical and that, in addition to taking into account the phototype, it is also necessary to take into account that the skin is changing at each stage of life and will need adequate hygiene to skin type and age, hydration, photoprotection and repair of the small damages that occur. ” The only constant at all stages is photoprotection, ” Guerra added.

First steps

And although photoprotection is essential, Nuria Fervienza, pharmacy technician specializing in dermopharmacy and author of the blog La botica de Tete , stressed that, in addition to this, there are two other very important steps to take care of the skin:


Skin cleansing has to be done in the morning and at night. “Even if we don’t put on makeup, in the case of women, when the day ends, the skin is full of grease, sweat and pollution. When cleaning it, we will ensure that the treatments we give ourselves then penetrate better and do their job correctly, ”said Fervienza, who also stressed that to clean it, you have to choose appropriate products, such as micellar waters.


The skin is our barrier with the outside and it can be attacked by wind, air and cold. In addition, sun exposure causes you to become dehydrated. For this reason “it is necessary to use the corresponding treatments to restore the functioning of the skin and prevent water loss,” said the pharmacy technician.


Both Fervienza and Guerra and José Luis Estebaranz, head of the Madrid Center Section of the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, gave great importance in their respective interventions in CuídatePlus, to protection from the sun.

” We need sun to synthesize enough vitamin D . But this does not mean that to achieve this we have to be 8 hours on the beach or in the park; it only takes 5 minutes in the arms and legs two days a week to get it, ”said Guerra, who said it is preferable to take supplements to reach vitamin D levels.

The risk of sun exposure without protection can cause skin burns, which in the future can lead to problems such as skin cancer or melanoma . Both Guerra and Estebaranz remind you that to protect us from the sun you don’t just have to use topical sunscreens. ” Photoprotection is to wear a hat, wear appropriate clothing and be in the shade, ” they said.

Regarding the photoprotection, the spokesman of the AEDV, stressed that on cloudy days you also have to use protection since the sun burns too, just as it does on the mountain or under an umbrella on the beach. “There are many myths about the sun protection factor, what should we know? The most important thing is that the number indicates the time it takes to burn with that protection . In order to take effect it has to be applied 30 minutes before sun exposure, ”said Estebaranz.

In addition, Fervienza recommended looking for products that adapt to our routine and we can use daily, since we must always use sunscreen, not only on the beach, the mountain or the pool.

Finally, Estebaranz recalled that in children it is crucial to use sunscreen to avoid problems in the future and check the moles regularly.

“People with skin problems are not strangers”

In addition to general skin care, other issues related to it were treated in CuídatePlus, such as psoriasis , a chronic skin disease that evolves in the form of outbreaks and is characterized by the appearance of red spots with white scales. Pedro Aguado, presenter and coach, was speaking, in a talk courtesy of Novartis, about this particular disease and how he lives it during his time at the event.

“I have played water polo much of my life and now putting on a swimsuit costs me; Living with this pathology is difficult for everyday life, but we are not strangers or contagious, ”said Aguado.

Also, Aguado said that when you exercise psoriasis is reduced and practicing it continuously helps to improve the condition. ”

“You have already seen it, it is a disease like another. It is true that psoriasis itches and hurts, but it does not have to condition life, ”he concluded.